Fun Facts

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农历新年装饰与习俗 / CHINESE NEW YEAR DECORATIONS AND CUSTOMS

装饰 zhuāng shì

春联chūn lián
银柳yín liǔ
灯笼 dēng long

习俗xí sú

团圆饭 tuán yuán fàn 
大扫除 dà sǎo chú
守岁 shǒu suì


年菜 / CHINESE NEW YEAR DISHES AND THEIR AUSPICIOUS MEANINGS

(1) 鱼 yú Fish

What it means:

“鱼”与“余”同音,象征年年有余。
“yú” yǔ “yú” tóngyīn,xiàngzhēng niánniányǒuyú.
“鱼Fish”and“余abundance”are homonyms. The dish symbolises having abundance year after year.

(2) 发菜fā cài Hair Moss

What it means:

“发菜”音似“发财”, 象征财源滚滚。
“fācài”yīnsì“fācái”,xiàngzhēng cáiyuángǔngǔn.
发菜Hair moss” and “发财to make a fortune” are similar in pronunciation. The dish symbolises wealth and prosperity.

(3) 年糕nián gāo Chinese New Year Cake

What it means:

糕”与“高”同音, 象征步步高升。
“gāo”yǔ“ gāo”,xiàngzhēng bùbùgāoshēng. 
Cake” and “tall” are homonyms. The dish symbolises to rise steadily.

 

新年祝语 / CHINESE NEW YEAR GREETINGS 

成语 Idioms

意思(华文)

Meaning (English)

龙马精神

lóng mǎ

jīng shén

形容精神健旺、充沛

xíng róng jīng shén jiàn wàng、 chōng pèi

Describes the state of being healthy and energised

康强逢吉

kāng qiáng féng jí

祝贺老年人身体健康,子孙吉利

zhù hè lǎo nián rén shēn tǐ jiàn kāng,zǐ sūn jí lì

 

Wishing good health to the elderly and good fortune for the young

福寿康宁

fú shòu

kāng níng

幸福长寿,健康安宁

xìng fú cháng shòu,

jiàn kāng ān níng

 

Happiness and longevity; health and tranquility

容光焕发

róng guāng huàn fā

脸上放出光彩,

形容身体健康精神饱满。

liǎn shàng fang chū guāng cǎi, xíng róng shēn tǐ jiàn kāng jīng shén bǎo mǎn

To glow with good health

富贵安康

fù guì

ān kāng

吉祥幸福、平安健康

jí xiáng xìng fú 、 píng ān jiàn kāng

Rich in happiness, peace and health

新年祝语 / CHINESE NEW YEAR GREETINGS

成语 Idioms

意思(华文)

Meaning (English)

马到功成

dào gōng chéng

形容事情顺利,

一开始就取得胜利

xíng róng shì qíng shùn

kāi shǐ jiù shèng

Describes achieving success smoothly from the start

财源广进

cái yuán guǎng jìn

形容从四面八方收到财富

xíng róng cóng miàn fang shōu dào cái

To receive plentiful wealth

生意兴隆

shēng xīng lóng

买卖兴旺,业务蒸蒸日上

mǎi mài xīng wàng

zhēng zhēng shàng

Have a thriving business

大展宏图

zhǎn hóng

大大发展宏伟的计划,

祝贺开业

zhǎn hóng wěi huá,zhù kāi

To execute grand plans, usually for new businesses

鹏程万里

péng chéng wàn

前程兴旺远大,不可限量

qián chéng xīng wàng yuǎn xiàn liàng

To have a prosperous and boundless future ahead

招财进宝

zhāo cái

jìn bǎo

招来财气,以发财致富

zhāo lái cái cái zhì

Welcome wealth and riches

新年祝语 / CHINESE NEW YEAR GREETINGS

成语 Idioms

意思(华文)

Meaning (English)

学业有成

xué

yǒu chéng

学业有成就

xué yǒu chéng jiù

To succeed in studies

锦绣前程

jǐn xiù

qián chéng

形容前途十分美好

xíng róng qián shí fēn měi hǎo

Describes a good future

步步高升

gāo sheng

形容地位提高得快而顺利

Xíng róng wèi gāo de kuài ér shun

Smooth and fast rise to eminence

升官发财

shēng guān cái

谓提升了官职,

就能获得更多的物质财富

Wèi sheng le guān zhí,

jiù néng huò gèng duō de zhí cái

To get promotion and have more wealth

平步青云

píng

qīng yún

比喻社会地位陡然大幅度上升

bǐ shè huì wèi dǒu rán shàng shēng

To have a quick and successful promotion

新年祝语 / CHINESE NEW YEAR GREETINGS

成语 Idioms

意思(华文)

Meaning (English)

阖家安康

jiā

ān kāng

全家平安和健康

quán jiā píng ān jiàn kāng

Wishing the family safe and healthy

金玉满堂

jīn

mǎn táng

形容财富极多,也形容学识丰富

xíng róng ifù duō,

xíng róng xué shì fēng

Describes rich in wealth and knowledge

年年有余

nián nián yǒu

每年都有多余的财富及食粮

měi nián dōu yǒu duō de cái shí liáng

To have excess wealth and food every year

岁岁平安

s suì

píng ān

每年都能够平安幸福好运

měi nián dōu néng gòu píng ān xìng hǎo yùn

May there be peace all year round

五福临门

wǔ

lín mén

五福指:长寿、富贵、康宁、好德、善终

zhǐ: cháng shòu, guì, kāng níng, hǎo , shàn zhōng

To have five blessings: longevity, wealth, health, kindness and peace

亲戚关系 / FAMILY TREE (PATERNAL)

华文称呼


Address in English

 
 

堂兄弟姐妹(一样姓氏)

táng xiōng dì jiě mèi

表兄弟姐妹(不同姓氏)

biǎo xiōng dì jiě mèi

 

Cousins

(with same surnames) 

 

Cousins

(with different surnames)

 

姑姑 gū gu

姑丈gū zhàng

 

Aunt (father’s sister)

Uncle (aunt’s husband)

 

伯父bó fù

叔叔shū shu

 

Uncle (father’s older brother)

Uncle (father's younger brother)

 

伯母bó mǔ

婶婶shěn shen

 

Aunt (uncle’s wife)

 

奶奶nǎi nai

 

Grandmother

 

爷爷yé ye

 

Grandfather

 

舅公jiù gōng

伯公 bò gōng

叔公shū gōng

 Granduncle
 姨婆yí pó

姑婆gū pó

Grandaunt

 

太公tài gōng

 

Great-grandfather

 

太婆tài pó

 

Great-grandmother

亲戚关系 / FAMILY TREE (MATERNAL)

华文称呼


Address in English

表兄弟姐妹

biǎoxiōngdìjiěmèi

Cousins

 

阿姨ā yí

姨丈yí zhàng

Aunt (mother’s sister)

Uncle (aunt’s husband)

舅舅 jiù jiu

舅母jiù mǔ

Uncle (mother’s brother)

Aunt (uncle’s wife)

外婆 wài pó

Grandmother

外公 wài gōng

Grandfather

舅公jiùgōng

伯公bògōng

叔公shūgōng

Granduncle

姨婆yípó

姑婆gūpó

Grandaunt

太公tàigōng

Great-grandfather

太婆tàipó

Great-grandmother

 

闰年 / LEAP YEAR

每隔4年有1个闰年。公元年数除以四得尽便是闰年。

一年里有约365.25天。累积而成,第四年便有多一天,为2月29日。因此,闰年有366天。

měi gé 4 nián yǒu 1 gè rùnnián.gōngyuán niánshù chú yǐ sì dé jǐn biàn shì rùn nián. Yì nián lǐ yǒu yuē 365.25 tiān. Lěi jī ér chéng,dì sì nián biàn yǒu duō yì tiān,wéi 2 yuè 29 rì. Yīn cǐ,rùn nián yǒu 366 tiān.

 

About Leap Year

Leap Year occurs every 4 years. Divide the calendar year by 4, with no remainder to calculate the year of this occurrence.

To be exact,  there are 365.25days in a year. In the fourth year, there will be an additional day, 29th February. Therefore, Leap Year has 366 days in a year.

 

 

柑橘橙 / ORANGES

 

gān

橘jú

橙chéng

 

体积

tǐ jī

Relative Size

zhōng

Medium

xiǎo

Small

Large

形状

xíng zhuàng 

Shape

球形稍扁

qiúxíng shāo biǎn

Spherical but slightly flat


 球形稍扁

qiúxíng shāo biǎn

Spherical but slightly flat

 圆形

yuán xíng

Spherical 

 颜色

yán sè

Colour

黄色

huáng sè

Yellow


 红黄色

hòng huáng sè

Reddish - yellow

 红黄色

hòng huáng sè

Reddish - yellow

 味道

wèi dao

Taste

tián

Sweet


 

tián

Sweet

 酸甜

suān tián

Sour-sweet

 

 

童玩 / CHILDHOOD GAMES

谜题 / Riddle  谜面 / Answer
Hopscotch 的华文名称

Hopscotch in Chinese 

跳飞机

tiào fēi jī

以前人们得争相到民众俱乐部看        ,如今,家家户户几乎都有一台

People used to crowd at the community centres to watch ______,but there’s one in every home now

 电视

diàn shì

Television

以前流动报摊租卖的读物

Mobile newsstand used to sell this publication

连环书

lián huán shū

Comic books

一项运动,用脚踢

A form of sport, played on legs

毽子

Jiànzi

Shuttlecock

麦当劳、肯德鸡、汉堡王等;如今小孩都喜爱

McDonald’s, Kentucky, Burger King; kids’ favourites

快餐

Kuàicān

Fast food 

如今人们看演唱会,以前的人看     。

Today, we watch concerts. In the past people used to watch ____.

街戏

jiē xì

Street opera

这电子产品比电脑更轻便,孩子都喜欢用它看视频

This electronic product is lighter than a computer. Kids love to watch videos with it.

平板电脑

píng bǎn diànnǎo

Tablet 

 

游泳招式 / SWIMMING STROKES

English 

Chinese 

Butterfly stroke

蝶泳

diéyǒng 

Backstroke

仰泳

yǎngyǒng

Breaststroke

蛙泳

wāyǒng

Freestyle

自由泳

zìyóu yǒng 

Sidestroke

侧泳

cè yǒng 

Medley relay

混合泳接力

hùnhé yǒng jiēlì

 

 

交通工具 / PUBLIC TRANSPORT

English 

Chinese 

Car

汽车

qìchē 

Truck

卡车

kǎchē 

Taxi 

德士

dé shì 

Bus

巴士

bāshì 

Van

货车

huòchē 

 

电子产品 / ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS

English 

Chinese 

Laptop

手提电脑

shǒu tí diàn nǎo 

Smartphone

智能手机

zhì néng shǒu jī 

Mouse

滑鼠

huá shǔ 

Thumbdrive

U-盘

U-pán 

Memory card 

储存卡 / 记忆卡

chǔ cún kǎ / jì yì kǎ 

Wifi

无线网络

wú xiàn wǎng luò 

Printer 

打印机

dǎ yìn jī 

 

万圣节 / HALLOWEEN

English  Chinese

Magic / Sorcery 

魔法

mó fǎ 

The Walking Dead 

行尸走肉

xíng shī zǒu ròu 

Zombie 

僵尸

jiāng shī 

Dress up 

装扮

zhuāng bàn 

Sweet and Candy 

糖果

táng guǒ 

Pumpkin 

南瓜

nán guā 

Witch 

女巫

nǚ wū 

Bat

蝙蝠

biān fú 

Black cat 

黑猫

hēi māo 

Owl 

猫头鹰

māo tóu yīng 

Elf 

小精灵

xiǎo jīng líng 

Fictional character 

虚构人物

xū gòu rén wù 

Frankenstein 

科学怪人

kē xué guài rén 

  

圣诞节 / CHRISTMAS

(1) 圣诞颂歌 / CHRISTMAS CAROL

s/n

English

Chinese

1

Songs or hymns whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas

歌词以圣诞为主题的歌曲

sheng dàn wéi zhǔ de

2

A novella by Charles Dickens

查尔斯.狄更斯的中篇小说

chá ěr gèng de zhōng piān xiǎo shuō

 (2) 胡桃钳 / NUTCRACKER

s/n

English

Chinese

1

Popular Christmas decoration

常见的圣诞装饰

cháng jiàn de sheng dàn zhuāng shì

2

Originated from German folklore

源自德国民间传说

yuán guó mín jiān chuán shuō

3

Classic ballet piece with scores composed by Tchaikovsky

经典芭蕾剧;该剧音乐由柴棵夫斯基创作

jīng diǎn lěi ; gāi yīn yuè yóu chái fu chuàng zuò

(3) 槲寄生 / MISTLETOE

s/n

English

Chinese

1

Partial parasite

半寄生植物

bàn jì shēng zhí wù

2

Kissing under the mistletoe signifies a promise to marry, as well as a prediction to happiness and long life.

传说在槲寄生下接吻的情侣会受到庇佑,

终身幸福美满

chuán shuō zài shēng xià jiē wěn de qíng huì shòu dào yòu, zhōng shēn xìng měi mǎn